Zherepa Yuliya Sergeevna, Detective, Economic Security and Anti-corruption Department, Office of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in Penza region (22 Kirpichnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sizov Vladimir Aleksandrovich, Candidate of sociological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of justice, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: email@example.com
Background. In connection with the amendments made in 2016 to the criminal code in identifying the facts of bribery law enforcement agencies have problems due to the imperfection of the current legislation governing the investigative activities. To date, the issue of criminalization of mediation in petty bribery has not been resolved. Criminalization is necessary, but the issue of criminalization of bribery mediation, regardless of the amount of bribes, must first be addressed. The legal consolidation of the concept of operational experiment remains an open question. These gaps do not allow for appropriate operational-detective activities, which is often the only way to identify and disclose bribery, as well as lead to disputes in determining the legality of operational-detective activities by law enforcement agencies.
Materials and methods. The article analyzes changes introduced in the criminal code and the criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation by the Federal law dated July 3rd, 2016 № 324-FZ, which entered into force on July 15, 2016, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation from 15.04.2015, “On the resumption of proceedings on a criminal case due to new circumstances in relation tp Nosko A. V. (case № 22-tribe-apparatus P15)”, as well as statistical data of the MIA of Russia and the Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia across Penza region for the crimes provided for in articles 290, 291 and 291.2 of the criminal code.
Results. An analysis of investigative and judicial practice shows that there is a direct relationship between the size of the bribe and the number of crimes committed. The vast majority of bribes are bribes, the amount of which does not exceed 10 000 rubles. The statistical data presented in the article confirm that the actually introduced changes to the criminal code of the Russian Federation distinguish petty bribery as a separate category of crimes, but do not provide how and what kind of law enforcement agencies should deal with them, which actually leads to impunity for petty bribery. To date, the concept of operational experiment and the procedure for its implementation have not been fixed in the legal norms. It should be noted that a number of provisions are reflected in the orders of law enforcement agencies engaged in operational investigative activities. At the same time, departmental regulations are not able to solve the problems that arise in determining the legality of the operational experiment by Supervisory authorities. These circumstances complicate the task of combating corruption and have a negative impact on the effectiveness and efficiency of law enforcement agencies in combating bribery.
Conclusions. The changes made to the criminal law in terms of liability for bribery do not fully meet the needs of law enforcement agencies to effectively combat corruption. It is necessary to consider the introduction of criminal liability for mediation in petty bribery, as well as to legislate the concept of operational experiment and the rules of its conduct.
bribery, illegal monetary reward, minimum amount of bribes, investigative event, operational experiment, incitement, provocation
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